Residential solar power solutions

Solar power panels serve the purpose of absorbing solar energy and converting it to electric power through the photovoltaic (PV) effect. Most homes have a roof or a backyard that can be utilized to install solar panels and produce electricity.

The residential solar system produces about 300 watts in an hour on a normal sunny day and requires a
battery to store the energy to be used at night.

The residential solar system also needs an inverter to convert the DC power generated by the solar panels and stored in the batteries into AC power to run appliances or devices installed in the house. Interconnected and appropriate cable wiring makes sure the power flows from the right devices into the appliances that use them and is also available at all times and is in usable form.

Working of Residential Solar System

The illustration given below represents how a residential power system works

Advantages of Residential Solar Power System

1

Residential solar panels use Sunlight as the primary source of energy. Sunlight is a renewable energy source as it will be available for at least 5 billion more years as per the scientists of today.

2

Solar panels produce electricity that meets the energy needs of the household and result in a reduction in electricity bills. The amount of reduction each month depends upon the size of solar system installed and heat and electricity use of each system.

3

Residential solar panels can earn money for the user by selling the extra power generated back to the grid.

4

Residential solar systems are low on maintenance and only cleaning the panel surface every three months is needed to keep the system operating at max efficiency.

5

Residential solar panels can be used to power buildings in off-grid or remote locations. Solar panels can be used for water heating for household usage.

The Working of a Residential Solar System

  • Sunlight falls on the solar panels and it gets absorbed by the Photo Voltaic (PV) cells

  • The silicon semiconductors in the cells convert solar energy into electric energy through the PV effect.

  • This electric energy is in the form of DC power which can directly charge the battery.

  • The DC power in the battery is sent to an inverter which converts it into AC power.

  • This AC power is now sent to the mains in the home which in turn can power all necessary appliances.

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